Tuesday, 25 August 2015

Cyber bullying and teachers’ awareness

an article by Baris Sezer (Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey) Ramazan Yilmaz and Fatma Gizem Karaoglan Yilmaz (Bartin University, Bartin, Turkey) published in Internet Research Volume 25 Issue 4 (2015)


The purpose of this paper is to determine the awareness levels of teachers with regard to cyber bullying. In line with this purpose, the extent of awareness levels of teachers in general, regarding the issue of personal cyber security in their daily lives and the precautions that can be taken in this context have been measured.

Survey method is used in this study. The participants of this research were 184 teachers working at various provinces in Turkey during 2012-2013 academic year. A scale was used in this study.

The findings of the study reveal that the teachers in the sample group of the study have an average level of awareness on cyber bullying, in general. According to the findings of the study, based on branch, gender and frequency of internet use, there are statistically significant differences among teachers’ awareness levels on cyber bullying.

Research limitations/implications
The data collection tool used for the study is a self-report scale and it is restricted to determining the awareness levels of teachers with respect to personal cyber security within the context of cyber bullying awareness and the precautions that need to be taken in this respect.

Practical implications
The data obtained from the study, the authors have conducted, can contribute to updating in-service and pre-service educational contents developed for teachers and prospective teachers, by providing insight for the policy makers.

It is believed that this research will contribute to the literature. On the other hand, this study will guide the policy makers/implementers in Turkey, as well.

Educating for food security in the UK: Planning for an uncertain future

an article by Howard Lee (Hadlow College, UK) published in Local Economy Volume 30 Number 3 (May 2015)


The pressures affecting the UK’s food production infrastructure are reviewed, with a conclusion that security of supply is currently unsafe.

Planning ahead to improve security of supply is argued as key, especially as we try to cope with an uncertain future.

The challenge of planning for uncertainty of food supply leads to a consideration of recent research on risk and the ideas of Taleb about antifragility.

This investigation is in the context of Higher Education delivery for the next generation of agriculture and commercial horticulture graduates: the impacts of resource restrictions and opportunities of novel modes of teaching are reviewed as we learn to work with greater uncertainty.

Breaking the ‘class’ ceiling? Social mobility into Britain's elite occupations

an article by Sam Friedman and Daniel Laurison (London School of Economics and Political Science) and Andrew Miles (University of Manchester) published in The Sociological Review Volume 63 Issue 2 (May 2015)


In this paper we use the unusually large sample size of the Great British Class Survey to compare rates of social mobility into different élite occupations. We find a distinction between ‘traditional’ professions, such as law, medicine and finance, which are dominated by the children of higher managers and professionals, and technical or emerging high-status occupations, particularly those related to IT, that appear to recruit more widely.

Second, we find that even when the upwardly mobile are successful in entering élite occupations they invariably fail to accumulate the same economic, cultural and social capital as those from privileged backgrounds.

While many such differences may be explained by inheritance, we also find that the mobile tend to have considerably lower incomes. Investigating this further we demonstrate that even when controlling for important variables such as schooling, education, location, age, and cultural and social capital, the upwardly mobile in eight occupations – located largely in the business sector – have considerably lower incomes than their higher-origin colleagues.

These findings underline the value of analyses of mobility into specific high-status occupations as well as illustrating how, beyond entry, the mobile often face considerable disadvantage within occupations.

Monday, 24 August 2015

Regional resilience across Europe: on urbanisation and the initial impact of the Great Recession

an article by Steven Brakman and Harry Garretsen (University of Groningen, the Netherlands) and Charles van Marrewijk (Xi’an Jiaotong–Liverpool University, China and Utrecht University School of Economics, the Netherlands) published in Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society Volume 8 Number 2 (July 2015)


Using a novel data set for 207 European regions from 22 different countries, we analyse the relevance of urbanisation for the short-term resilience to a major shock.

We take the Great Recession, the economic and financial crisis that started in 2008, as our shock and analyse how the European NUTS 2 regions differ in their short-run resilience in the aftermath to the crisis in terms of unemployment and real GDP per capita.

We find that the degree and nature of regional urbanisation is important for resilience. EU regions with a relatively large share of the population in commuting areas are relatively more resilient. In addition, regions with a large output share in medium-high tech industries were also less affected by the crisis.

JEL codes: R11, R12, R15

A nuanced understanding of Internet use and non-use among the elderly

Alexander JAM van Deursen (University of Twente, The Netherlands) and Ellen J Helsper (London School of Economics and Political Science, UK) published in European Journal of Communication Volume 30 Number 2 (April 2015)


This article examines explanations for both Internet use and non-use by older individuals.

Older adults are often considered a homogeneous group with uniform reasons for Internet non-use, or when they are online, practicing a uniform range of activities.

The study gathered data concerning senior non-users through a national telephone survey. Data concerning senior Internet users were obtained through a nationally representative online survey.

The findings suggest that although a substantial part of the senior Internet non-users live in surroundings that enable Internet uptake, they seem to be less eager or unable to do so.

Important differences among senior non-users are based on gender, age, education, household composition and attitude towards the Internet. Differences among users were based on life stage, social environment and psychological characteristics.

This article thus reveals that older citizens are a very diverse group in which some are more likely to be digitally excluded than others.

A Global Examination of Policies and Practices for Lifelong Learning

an article by Phyllis Cummins and Suzanne Kunkel (Miami University, USA) published in New Horizons in Adult Education and Human Resource Development Volume 27 Issue 3 (Summer 2015)


Continuous learning over the life course is necessary to successfully compete in a knowledge-based global economy. Workers are increasingly encouraged to remain in the labour force at older ages, which for many will require skills upgrading.

While a wide range of individual and community factors play a role in whether older workers receive skills training and remain in the labour force, national policies and practices are also likely to have an influence. This nation-level study used OECD data to identify associations between participation in lifelong learning activities and outcomes such as labor force participation at older ages and income inequality.

Countries with more hours spent in lifelong learning activities over the life course have higher labour force participation rates between the ages of 55 and 64 and have lower rates of income inequality.

Recognising lifelong learning as a shared responsibility among stakeholders is crucial to successful programme implementation.

The political economy of ‘lap dancing’: contested careers and women’s work in the stripping industry

an article by Kate Hardy and Teela Sanders (University of Leeds, UK) published in Work Employment & Society Volume 29 Number 1 (February 2015)


The visibility of striptease (‘lap dancing’) as a workplace and site of consumption has grown significantly over the past 15 years in the UK.

This article draws on the first large scale study of stripping work in the UK, exploring original empirical data to examine why women continue to seek work in an industry that is profoundly precarious and often highly exploitative. It suggests that rather than either a ‘career’ or a ‘dead end’ job, many women use lap dancing strategically to create alternative futures of work, employment and education.

It is argued that precarious forms of employment such as lap dancing can be instrumentalised through agentic strategies by some workers, in order to achieve longer term security and to develop opportunities outside the sex industry.

As such, it is averred that engagement in the industry should instead be understood in a wider political economy of work and employment and the social wage.