Wednesday, 25 February 2015

The effects of work experience during higher education on labour market entry: learning by doing or an entry ticket?

an article by Felix Weiss (University of Cologne, Germany and GESIS Leibniz Institute for Social Sciences in Mannheim, Germany), Markus Klein (University of Edinburgh, UK) and Thomas Grauenhorst (University of Mannheim, Germany) published in Work Employment & Society Volume 28 Number 5 (October 2014)

Abstract

Graduates from higher education often enter the labour market with a considerable amount of work experience. Using German data, we address the question of whether early work experience pays off upon labour market entry. We compare the labour market benefits of different types of work experience.

This comparison allows us to more generally test hypotheses about different explanations of why education pays off. Results indicate that tertiary graduates do not profit from work experience that is unrelated to the field of study or was a mandatory part of the study programme.

Even though field-related and voluntary work experience helps graduates to realize a fast integration into the labour market, it is not linked to higher chances for entering a favourable class position or to higher wages in the long run. These results provide evidence for the signalling explanation of educational benefits in the labour market rather than the human capital explanation.


Tuesday, 24 February 2015

So how much has employment really grown since 2010?

via The Work Foundation blog by Ian Brinkley

In an article in the Independent published today (Monday 12 Jan 2015), Professor Danny Blanchflower takes the Conservative Party to task for publishing what Professor Blanchflower believes to be inaccurate claims about job creation under the Coalition government. As with all these things, it depends a bit on where you start and what measure you select.

Continue reading


Does Trait Emotional Intelligence Predict Unique Variance in Early Career Beyond IQ and Personality Success

an article by José Manuel de Haro García (Agbar water company (GDF SUEZ), Comunidad Valenciana, Spain) and Juan Luis Castejón Costa (Alicante University, Spain) published in Journal of Career Assessment Volume 22 Number 4 (November 2014)

Abstract

In order to determine the contribution of emotional intelligence (EI) to career success, in this study, we analysed the relationship between trait EI (TEI), general mental ability (GMA), the big five personality traits, and career success indicators, in a sample of 130 graduates who were in the early stages of their careers.

Results from hierarchical regression analyses indicated that TEI, and especially its dimension “repair,” has incremental validity in predicting one of the career success indicators (salary) after controlling for GMA and personality.

These findings provide support for the use of TEI measures as predictors of career success in the early stage.


Monday, 23 February 2015

Migrant deprivation, conditionality of legal status and the welfare state

an article by Owen Corrigan Trinity College Dublin, Ireland published in Journal of European Social Policy Volume 24 Number 3 (July 2014)

Abstract

This article adds to our theoretical understanding of the determination of third-country national (TCN) migrant deprivation and poverty in western Europe. The stratifying effects of different types of legal status on migrant outcomes have been established in previous research. The conditionality that states attach to securing different types of legal status has heretofore been overlooked as an important explanatory factor, however.

A measure of the conditionality attached to attaining the key social rights–granting status of long-term residency (LTR) is operationalized using cross-national policy data. Building on existing theory, we hypothesize that the negative impact of welfare generosity on TCN material deprivation is moderated by a state’s level of LTR conditionality, such that deprivation will be greatest where conditionality is high and generosity is low.

This hypothesis is tested using large-scale European microdata in the context of multilevel modelling.

The empirical results are consistent with the central hypothesis.

These findings have implications for policymakers and for extant accounts of migrant welfare, the welfare state and the factors implicated in the determination of poverty and deprivation in Europe.


On the transnational social question: How social inequalities are reproduced in Europe

an article by Thomas Faist (Bielefeld University, Germany) published in Journal of European Social Policy Volume 24 Number 3 (July 2014)

Abstract

What are the consequences of cross-border employment and social protection practices for social inequalities in Europe?

The transnational social question is a multifaceted one: it is linked not only to inequalities generated by heterogeneities such as class, gender, ethnicity, legal status and religion, but also to the perception that cross-border interdependence has grown and that transnational interactions themselves have become a criterion for differentiation.

International migration is of strategic significance for an understanding of the transnational social question, because it reveals the cross-connections of the fragmented world of social protection. In particular, it provides a window into the social mechanisms that support social protection across borders and how these mitigate old and generate new social inequalities.


Saturday, 21 February 2015

Trivia (should have been 29 November)

At Ease: 1863
via Shorpy Historical Photo Archive – Vintage Fine Art Prints by Dave
At Ease: 1863

“June 1863 Gettysburg Campaign. Fairfax Court House, Virginia. Capt. J.B. Howard, Office of Assistant Quartermaster, and group at headquarters, Army of the Potomac.”
Wet plate glass negative by Timothy H. O’Sullivan
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The Magical Illustration of Arthur Rackham
via Abe Books UK by Beth Carswell
Gulliver's Travels Into Several Remote Nations of the World by Jonathan Swift, illustrated by Arthur Rackham
Arthur Rackham was an illustrator in the late 19th and early 20th century. He was born in London in 1867. He began studying at the Lambeth School of Art at the age of 18, and soon found his passion and calling. The first of Rackham’s illustrations to be published in a book were in 1893, in The Dolly Dialogues. Rackham never looked back. From that first publication, illustration was his career until the day he died at age 72, of cancer.
Continue reading
WARNING: Please keep a tight hold on your credit / debit card. Some of the books available do not come at a low price.
But they are so lovely that I want a whole shelf of them!


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Arts & Letters Daily – ideas, criticism, debate
Cézanne and the old masters
Anxiety of influence. While most Impressionists disavowed the old masters, Cézanne studied their works with painful precision… more

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Plato and contemporary bioethics
via OUP Blog by Susan B Levin
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Since its advent in the early 1970s, bioethics has exploded, with practitioners’ thinking expressed not only in still-expanding scholarly venues but also in the gamut of popular media. Not surprisingly, bioethicists’ disputes are often linked with technological advances of relatively recent vintage, including organ transplantation and artificial-reproductive measures like preimplantation genetic diagnosis and prenatal genetic testing. It’s therefore tempting to figure that the only pertinent reflective sources are recent as well, extending back – glancingly at most – to Immanuel Kant’s groundbreaking 18th-century reflections on autonomy.
Surely Plato, who perforce could not have tackled such issues, has nothing at all to contribute to current debates.
Continue reading to find out that you could be wrong

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What We Mean When We Say “I Did Something I Didn't Want to Do”
via Big Think by David Berreby
John_calvin_17_-_jean_calvin_-_wikimedia_commons
One way to understand a nudge – a government policy that inclines you to make a particular choice, often without your awareness – is that it makes it easier for you to do what you really would have wanted despite your fallible human nature. But how do you know what you really want?
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I found this really interesting.

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Arts & Letters Daily – ideas, criticism, debate
Friendship with Gore Vidal
“He looked like a down-and-out panhandler who had sneaked in off Duval Street to swipe a drink and a fistful of peanuts.” Gore Vidal at 83… more

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“Vampire grave” from the 13th century unearthed
via Boing Boing by David Pescovitz
skelton-bulgaria_3068745b
An archaeologist found a “vampire grave” in Bulgaria where a Medieval skeleton lies with an iron spike through its chest.
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Shakespeare’s Invisible Hand in Economics
via Big Think by Jag Bhalla
Bigthinkinvisible_hands
Metaphors can be our shortest stories: their compact explanations often shape our view of the truth. But like stories taken out of context, badly mixed metaphors from biology and physics mislead many economists. And Shakespeare’s “invisible hand” is partly to blame.
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Arts & Letters Daily – ideas, criticism, debate
Cyril Connolly’s masterpiece
“Approaching forty, sense of total failure.” And so Cyril Connolly quit journalism to write a masterpiece. The key, he believed, was to have an interest in but contempt for humanity… more

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The real-life Sherlock Holmes
via Boing Boing: Futility Closet

Sherlock Holmes was based on a real man, a physician who trained Arthur Conan Doyle at the University of Edinburgh. During his medical lectures, Joseph Bell regularly astonished his students with insights into his patients’ lives and characters.
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Thursday, 19 February 2015

Trivia (should have been 23 November)

River City: 1901
via Shorpy Historical Photo Archive – Vintage Fine Art Prints by Dave
River City: 1901
Detroit circa 1901
“Excursion steamers Tashmoo and Idlewild at wharf”
No loafing allowed!
8x10 glass negative, Detroit Publishing Co
View original post

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The history of Christian art and architecture
via OUP blog
Although basilisks, griffins, and phoenixes summon ideas of myth and lore, they are three of several fantastic beings displayed in a Christian context. From the anti-Christian Roman emperor Diocletian to the legendary Knights of the Templar, a variety of unexpected subjects, movements, themes, and artists emerge in the history of Christian art and architecture.
To get an idea of its scope, we mined The Oxford Dictionary of Christian Art and Architecture for information to test your knowledge.
Go to OUP to try for yourself
The one thing I love about OUP quizzes is that you get a score but also the correct answers and a brief paragraph about the question.

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Arts & Letters Daily – ideas, criticism, debate
Uses of art
Like a Victorian social reformer, Alain de Botton wants to lead the masses away from shallow consumerism. And he wants to make buck… more

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25 Insanely Unique and Mind-Blowing Buildings Around the World
via Lifehack by Alicia Prince
Dancing House, Prague
Throughout history, architecture has remained a crucial expression of cultural and societal growth. Today, innovative building techniques plus new materials and ways of thinking give us almost unlimited potential when it comes to this art form. Mixing old and new, natural and modern, the following 25 mind-blowing buildings from around the world might make your head spin and your jaw drop.
See for yourself

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Five Tribes – a twist on the worker placement game
via Boing Boing by Matt M Casey

Cathala’s Five Tribes inverts the popular worker placement game genre. In worker placement games, players use tokens (commonly called “workers”) to claim the exclusive right to perform a specific action.
Continue reading and watch the video

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Arts & Letters Daily – ideas, criticism, debate
Culture and internet
People who want to make a living in arts and letters are screwed. It’s a sad fact worthy of attention. It’s also not at all unsurprising… more

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50 Cultural Icons on Their Favorite Books
via Flavorwire by Emily Temple
Everybody loves a good book. Yes, everybody – even the rich, famous and culturally relevant. And since there’s nothing better than a book recommendation from someone you already idolise, why not check out which ones they count as their favourites? Maybe you’ll wind up finding out that you have even more in common with Lady Gaga than you thought.
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How Sound Waves Help Deliver Medicine to the Brain
via Big Think by Robert Montenegro
Shutterstock_211373515
The fact that your brain is protected by both the skull and a thick barrier of discerning cells is, for the most part, a good thing. One can only imagine how lousy it would be if every little toxin or substance could infiltrate your body's central processing centre.
But sometimes the brain’s blessing can also be a doctor’s curse, especially when trying to treat disorders such as Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia. This is because just as your head’s defenses keep pathogen out from the sensitive areas of the brain, they also set up a roadblock for vital medicines needed to fight disease.
Continue reading

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Arts & Letters Daily – ideas, criticism, debate
Architecture of (commercial) desire
Packaged pleasures. The “tubularization” of society – cigarettes, tin cans, soda bottles, lipstick – marked a radical shift in human experience… more

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Qwerkywriter: a mechanical typewriter keyboard
via Boing Boing by Cory Doctorow

Shipping in summer 2015, Qwerkywriter is a $300 computer keyboard that uses mechanisms that mimic the keys of an old-fashioned manual, mechanical keyboard.
The Qwerkywriter was funded through a very successful Kickstarter campaign, and can be pre-ordered with US/UK/Spanish/French/German layouts. It connects to your devices through Bluetooth or USB.
Qwerkywriter (via Core 77)